Department of New Testament

Virginia Christian University / Academics  / Master of Divinity / Department of New Testament

In order to understand the unity of Gods revelation fully, both biblical theology and systematic theology are important. While biblical theology examines the roles and relations of passages in the unfolding plan of salvation, systematic theology approaches the themes of the Scriptures as a completed whole.

Exegetical Studies of OT, NT:  The Bible is the inspired record of Gods revelation; a thorough knowledge of the original languages as well as the historical and cultural context of the writings is, therefore, essential to proper interpretation and communication of its message. Biblical Theology courses are offered in the Old and New Testament departments.

The Old and New Testament departments at VACU emphasize skill in careful exegesis, literary analysis and awareness of archaeological and historical insights as methods of exploring not only the meaning of a specific text, but also its role and contribution in the unity of the Scriptures. By preparing sound biblical scholars, these departments give students the foundation for other aspects of their education and ministry.

Course Description

GR 501. Beginning Greek (3 credits)
A course for beginners in Greek, including grammatical study of New Testament Greek and practice in reading. Prescribed for students without knowledge of Greek.

GR 502. New Testament Greek I (3 credits)
This course covers approximately the work of Greek a, but as a review. Grammatical study of New Testament Greek; vocabulary work; practice in reading. Prescribed for students inadequately prepared in Greek.

GR 503. New Testament Greek II (3 credits)
An introduction to New Testament Greek to equip the student to use the Greek New Testament for in-depth Bible study. Introduction to Greek tools such as lexicons, Greek word studies and critical commentaries using the Greek text. Rapid review of New Testament grammar; vocabulary work; practice in reading.

NT 500. Introduction to New Testament (3 credits)
A Background and language of the New Testament; principles of textual criticism and their application; the New Testament books as canon, from a historical and theological perspective.

NT 503. The Synoptic Gospels (3 credits)
A selective survey and critique of historical-critical investigation of the Gospels; questions of special introduction; the earthly ministry and teaching of Jesus Christ; the theology of the Gospel (Matthew, Make, Luke).

NT 505. The Gospel of Matthew (3 credits)
An Exegetical examination of the Gospel of Matthew with concentration on exegetical method in narrative material, Synoptic comparisons, and preparation of narrative material for preaching and teaching.

NT 506. The Gospel of Mark (3 credits)
Exegesis of the original text of Mark, with attention to the interpretive problems and theology of Gospel. Exegesis of selected passages in the light of contemporary research.

NT 507. The Gospel of Luke (3 credits)
An analytical study of Gospel of Luke, with emphasis on Luke’s messianic concept in his presentation of the Son of Man.

NT 508. The Gospel of John (3 credits)
A course in Johannine theology. Exegesis of selected passages in the light of contemporary research. Emphasis on literary structure and on the author’s use of Old Testament themes. Students will be required to make presentations summarizing the results of their research.

NT 509. The Book of Acts (3 credits)
This course seeks to understand the message of Acts by excising the following issue; origin and purpose, history of interpretation and preaching, teaching of Acts. Questions of special introduction; basic themes in the theology of Acts.

NT 510. The Epistle to Romans (3 credits)
Questions of special introduction; exegesis of selected passages with a view to establishing the structure and distinctive themes of these books.

NT 512. The Epistles to Corinthians (3 credits)
An exegetical study of Corinthians, with special attention to historical backgrounds of its imagery and the contemporary bearing of its message. Readings in extra-biblical apocalyptic literature.

NT 513. The Epistle to Galatians (3 credits)
Detailed examination of the Greek text in light of the central historical and theological questions. Portions of the course will be conducted as a seminar devoted to text-critical, literary, hermeneutical, and biblicaltheological issues.

NT 514. Prison Epistles (3 credits)
This course examines Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon. An exegetical study of the Greek text, with special attention to the theological and ethical emphases of the epistles .Questions of special introduction; basic themes.

NT 515. The Pastoral Epistles (3 credits)
This course examines I and II Timothy and Titus. An audio-programmed course on “The Pastoral Epistles” is available on a directed study basis in affiliation with the Institute of theological Studies.

NT 516. The Epistles of Peter (3 credits)
An exegetical study of the Greek text, with special attention to the theological and ethical emphases of the epistle. Readings in extra-biblical apocalyptic literature.

NT 517. Theology of Hebrews (3 credits)
A biblical-theological examination of prominent themes in the teaching of the Book of Hebrews. Questions of special introduction; basic themes in the theology of Hebrews.

NT 518. The Johannine Epistles (3 credits)
This course examines I. II. III John. An exegetical study of Letter of John, with special attention to historical backgrounds of its imagery and the contemporary bearing of its message.

NT 519. The Book of Revelation (3 credits)
An exegetical study of Revelation, with special attention to historical backgrounds of its imagery and the contemporary bearing of its message. Readings in extra-biblical apocalyptic literature.

NT 620. The Life of Christ (3 credits)
This course is a systematic study of the person or life and work of Jesus Christ and from eternity past to eternity present In Gospel.

NT 621. New Testament Theology (3 credits)
The historical and cultural background of the New Testament, including the intertestamental period. An exegetical study of the content, meaning, and theology of the Gospels, Acts and the Epistles.

NT 622. New Testament History (3 credits)
This history of intertestamental and New Testament times is studied including the following; social, economic, political and religious history.

NT 623. Parables of Christ (3 credits)
Interpreting the parables within their context in the Gospels. Includes questions of genre, the nature of metaphor, the relations to the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ of the Gospels.

NT 624. The Olivet Discourse (3 credits)
A seminar on Jesus’ eschatological discourse in relation to the resurrection and ascension, Pentecost, the destruction of Jerusalem, and the consummation. Special note will be taken of the different concerns of the Gospel writers evident in the way they present the material.

NT 625. Miracles of Christ (3 credits)
Interpreting the miracles within their context in the Gospels. Includes questions of genre, the nature of metaphor, the relations to the crucifixion and resurrection of Christ, and preaching from the Gospels.

NT 626. The Kingdom of God (3 credits)
The central theme of Jesus’ massage, as it has come down to us in the Synoptic Gospels, is coming of the Kingdom of God. Emphasis is placed on discovering the value of the Kingdom of God of Jesus for the church today.

NT 727. The Pauline Theology (3 credits)
Analysis of the organic unity of justification, sanctification, union with Christ, covenant, and eschatology in Pauline theology.

NT 828. Biblical Hermeneutics (3 credits)
Prolegomena to biblical interpretation; principles and practice of biblical exegesis; the question of hermeneutics in the historical-critical tradition.

NT 829. History of Interpretation (3 credits)
The principles and methods of biblical interpretation through the study of primary documents from the Patristic period to modern times. Emphasis on the origin and development of modern New Testament criticism.